In auto mode, the camera will choose all of the exposure settings for you, allowing you to just point-n-shoot. No matter what mode you are in, you have to manually raise the flash for it to work. Even in auto mode the camera will not automatically pop up the flash for you.
Program mode gives you more control over the camera's settings while it automatically makes the exposure adjustments for you. Nikon has also given you the ability to adjust the aperture while in program mode, making it more like an aperture priority mode.
Full manual control is also an option for the more experienced and creative photographers. 100% control over the camera, just like that of a dSLR, allows you to control every setting for any type of exposure. Shown above is the dial graphic that the camera shows as you change shooting modes.
The P510's scene modes include: Scene Auto Selector, Portrait, Sports, Night Portrait, Party/Indoor, Beach, Snow, Sunset, Dusk/Dawn, Close-Up, Food, Museum, Fireworks show, Black and white copy, Panorama, Pet Portrait, 3D Photography, Image Quality and Image size. Backlighting, Landscape and Night Landscape are available on the mode dial, not in the scene menu.
Pressing the 4-way controller provides you with shortcuts to commonly used shooting settings. Up takes you to the flash settings, right to the exposure compensation, down for macro shooting and left for the self timer and smile shutter settings.
On top of the camera you will find the Fn button. Its default function takes you to the burst shooting settings: Single, Continuous H, Continuous L, Pre-shooting Cache, Continuous H 120fps, Continuous H 60fps, Best Shot Selector (BSS), Mutli-Shot 16 and Interval timer shooting.
Rec. Shooting Menu:
- Image quality - Fine, Normal, Basic
- Image size - 16M (4608x3456), 8M (3264x2448), 4M (2272x1704), 2M (1600x1200), VGA (640x480), 16:9 12M (4608x2592), 16:9 2M (1920x1080), 3:2 (4608x3072), 1:1 (3456x3456)
- Picture Control - Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome
- Custom Picture Control - Edit and Save, Delete
- White Balance - Auto1 (normal), Auto2 (warm lighting), Preset Manual, Daylight, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Cloudy, Flash
- Metering - Matrix, Center-weighted, Spot
- Continuous -
Single, Continuous H, Continuous L, Pre-shooting Cache, Continuous H 120fps, Continuous H 60fps, Best Shot Selector (BSS), Mutli-Shot 16 and Interval timer shooting
- ISO sensitivity - Auto, High1, Fixed Auto range (160-200 or 160-400), Preset: 160, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
- Exposure Bracketing - ±0.3, ±0.7, ±1.0, Off
- AF area mode - Face priority, Auto, Manual, Center, Subject Tracking, Target finding AF
- Autofocus mode - Single AF, Full-time AF
- Flash exp. comp. - ±2.0EV in 1/3 EV steps
- Noise Reduction Filter - High, Normal, Low
- Active D-Lighting - Off, High, Normal, Low
- Save User settings - Save current settings to the U position on the mode dial
- Reset User settings - Reset the settings that were saved to the U position on the mode dial
- Zoom Memory - On or Off
- Startup zoom position - 24mm, 28mm, 35mm, 50mm, 85mm, 105mm, 135mm
The "Effects" position on the mode dial provides you with a group of settings for more creative photographs: Soft, Nostalgic Sepia, High-Contrast Monochrome, High Key, Low Key, Selective Color, Painting, High ISO Monochrome, Silhouette.
The camera's built-in GPS unit gives it the ability to track and record your geographical location and date and time with your photographs automatically. You can also create a GPS log of your shooting.
- Movie Options - HD 1080p*, HD 1080p, HD 720p, iFrame 540, VGA, HS 120fps (640x480), HS 60fps (1280x720), HS 15fps (1920x1080)
- AutoFocus Mode - Single AF, Full-Time AF