The Coolpix 990 has a new 4-way jog switch on the back that lets you more
easily navigate the extensive menu system. Some menu items can also
be changed quickly by rotating the command dial.
The first menu option is the white balance settings. Choices should be rather
obvious; Automatic, White Balance Preset (see next frame), Fine (Sunny),
Incandescent, Flourescent, Cloudy and Flash.
When using the White Balance Preset option you get a live preview to assist
you in pointing the camera at your known white reference value.
Metering options are Matrix (256 element), Center-Weighted, Spot and the
Spot metering option that is used if you are using the Autofocus Area option.
Here's the Record mode options:
The Best Shot Selector (BSS) mode was first introduced on the Coolpix 950.
It uses "fuzzy logic" to determine the best picture from a series of pictures
taken in sequence. It can be used when you're shooting macro or using a slow
shutter speed to automatically pick the best picture in terms of focus and
When using the optional Nikkor lenses you can lock in certain presets with the Converters menu:
Image enhancement menu, these settings are hopefully obvious. Only one setting
may be used at a time.
Image Sharpness menu options. To give the user complete control over the images
you can now manually set the amount of sharpness applied to your pictures.
As with the Coolpix 950 the 990 allows you to build three user profiles of
camera settings and store them for easy recall. Any modifications you make
while in M-Rec mode are stored in the #1 profile.
Exposure Options. Set, reset or release the AE Lock, most useful when shooting panorama shots.
Auto Bracketing now lets you shoot a sequence of five shots and is somewhat complicated in operation but simple in use. Exposure changes in order +2/3 step, +1/3 step, 0 step, -1/3 step, -2/3 step with each photograph taken. In Programmed Auto, Aperture Priority and manual exposure modes the braketing is achieved by varying the shutter speed.
EXP +/- is the normal type of exposure compensation and works from +2 to -2 EV
is 1/3 EV increments.
Focus Options: Autofocus Area Mode - camera automatically selects focus area containing the subject closest to the camera. See the next frame for the manual tracking mode of this option.
Autofocus Mode - Continuous Autofocus or Single Autofocus
Confirmation - When manual or auto focus is used, objects that are in focus are sharply outlined on the LCD monitor
Distance Units - for manual focus display, feet or meters
Using the focusing options you can enable the focus tracking manual mode and you'll
see these brackets on the LCD monitor. By using the jog switch you can select
any of the areas desired. You can also set the metering so that it uses spot
mode on the selected focusing area.
Zoom Options: Digital zoom enabled or disabled. Startup Position (see next
frame). Fixed Aperture - if possible the aperture is fixed when zooming in or
Those of us with the Coolpix 950 practically screamed for this option and now
we have it (at least 990 owners have it). You can have the camera remember
where the lens was when you power down and it returns there on power up.
Or you can manually lock it to full wideangle or full zoom position.
Flash Options: Variable Power - the power output of the builtin flash can be varied from -2 to +2 EV in increments of 1/3 EV.
Speedlight Control: Enable or disable internal flash when using an external flash via the sync connector.
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