Underwater Photography: Tips for Using Different Photo Lens

Picking the correct photo lens for underwater photography can be a challenging task. The most popular underwater camera lenses are prime lenses, zoom lenses, wide angle lenses, telephoto lenses, mid-range lenses, fisheye lenses and macro lenses. The guidelines below will go over the main features of each lens and provide some tips to keep in mind when using that specific lens. If you know what each specific lens does, it will make it much easier for you to decide which lens to bring along on your underwater outing.

Prime Lenses

Examples of prime lenses include 20, 60 and 100 mm lenses. Basically, a prime lens is a lens that directly attaches to the body of the camera. If optical zoom is what you need, then a prime lens is for you. The main disadvantage of using a prime lens for underwater photography is that these lenses cannot be removed during a dive.

Zoom Lenses

If you see a lens that has two numbers listed, such as 18-55 mm, that lens is a zoom lens. In this case, the smaller number, 18, is the wide end of the zoom range and the larger number, 55, is the telephoto end of the zoom range.

Wide Angle Lenses

A wide angle lens allows you to take photos of big objects or wide areas. In terms of underwater photography, a wide angle lens gives high contrast and dense color effects, Out of any of the lenses mentioned, the wide angle lens offers the greatest depth of field. That means that when shooting with the wide angle lens, you should get as low and close as possible to the subject you are shooting.

Telephoto Lenses

A telephoto lens allows you to take photos of objects that are far away. The telephoto lens is one of the most important underwater photography lenses because many fishes or small underwater creatures are afraid of humans. By using the telephoto lens, you will be able to keep your distance from the fish, yet still capture their beauty.

Mid-Range Lenses

A mid-range lens is also known as a "normal lens." This classification of lens falls in between the wide angle and telephoto lens. An example of a mid-range zoom lens would be a super wide angle 13 mm lens. It is not recommended that you use these lenses for taking shots of small fish. A super wide angle 13 mm lens should be used for taking shots of large animals and underwater objects. When it comes to underwater photography, mid-range lenses are not at the top of the importance list.

Fisheye Lenses

A fisheye lens is similar to a wide angle lens. However, these lenses are actually wider than wide angle lenses. It is wise to carry a fisheye lens, in addition to a wide angle lens, especially if you are planning on taking photos of ship wrecks or underwater landscape.

Macro Lenses

If you need to get close up shots, then a macro lens is the way to go. Macro lenses should also be used at night, too, as these lenses will minimize interference by narrowing the angle of composition.

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