Digital Photography Guide

This digital photography guide will show you how to choose a digital camera and various basic tips for taking great photos. The modern digital photography equipment has enabled even a novice to take great photos and it is now no longer a costly hobby compared to the days of film.

Choosing and Knowing Your Camera

Making a choice of a digital camera can be difficult as there are many different models available in the market. To start off, make a list of reasons as to why you want to buy a digital camera. This will give you a guideline in choosing the features you will require for your kind of photography. If you feel that your interest in photography is on a more serious note, choose a digital SLR camera over a point-and-shoot. Such a model will offer more flexibility in the future on the type of lenses you want to use and they will have a better set of features. Once you have bought your camera it is a good idea to familiarize yourself with all its capabilities by reading its manual.

Composing a Shot

The first step to great photography is to know how to compose a shot. The way the different objects are placed in the frame and the angle of the shot play an important role. The best way to get this right is to take a lot of photos. You are no longer dependent on costly film and the cost of developing your shots. Review the shots you have taken and also observe the shots taken by well-known photographers. There is a lot to learn here.

White Balance

Most of the good digital cameras do a good job in setting the white balance automatically. Here too, take a few shots in the auto white balance mode and then tweak the adjustments manually a little and see the difference. You can take the auto mode as a baseline and make your adjustments accordingly.

ISO Settings

ISO settings change the sensitivity of the sensor in your camera. In low light and for taking shots of subjects who are moving, a higher ISO setting is recommended. But you should also keep in mind that a high ISO setting will also capture a lot of noise. So mainly use the lowest ISO settings that the lighting conditions and your subject will allow.

Lighting and Flash

The best light conditions are in the early morning and evening when the light is subdued and casts a soft light. At other times, observe the angle of sunlight and see that your shot does not have places of intense highlights and darkness. Even when you are shooting outdoors during the day make use of the flash as filler.


It is important to know in what format your digital images are saved by your camera. JPEG is a popular format that is processed digital information about your image and offers saving of space on your memory card. RAW format is basically unprocessed information about you image before applying any specifications. Although this format occupies a lot of space on your memory card, it is useful for post editing with a photo editing software.