Animal Photography: 5 Composition Techniques To Keep in Mind
Animal photography is one of the most popular, although difficult, categories in photography because it is a little difficult to capture your subject. Also, there are many things you have to consider to capture the essence of your subject, from its natural habitat to its movement.
One of the best things to remember when you try to compose your
animal photos is to always keep it simple. Unlike other photos, your
subject is complex enough, so keeping it simple will draw the eye to the
animal rather than all the things happening in the background. Often
times, wildlife photographers try to see what they can subtract from the
photo. Keeping it simple means you do not have to include the wild
flowers, tall trees or rushing pond in your photo. You can just focus on
the animal itself.
Since most animal shots will be taken outdoors where there are so
many elements to deal with, it is important that you are always aware of
these. One factor that you should always look out for when shooting
animals is the background. Make sure that the background is not so busy
or cluttered that it draws the attention away from the animal - your
subject. Also, it is important to watch out for anything that may hinder
you from taking a clear shot of the animal. Move around a bit and check
to see which angle or position will give you the best clear view of the
3. Center Frame
One of the best ways to put the focus on your subject is to center
the animal in the frame. When centering the animal in the frame, it is
important that you remove as much of the background as possible. You can
also use center-frame composition for vertical shots. However, you have
to be careful when using this kind of composition because it can result
in what professional photographers refer to as a bullseye composition.
4. Using Angles
Using angle compositions is one of the best techniques to get a great
shot of an animal. Angle composition simply means that you shoot your
subject in a different angle, may it be from a high or low angle. This
composition also creates an interesting look for the subject without
being straightforward. You can shoot animals from a low angle if they
are on all fours to get the impression that you are eye-to-eye with the
animal when you look at the photo.
5. Eye Contact
Another technique that you should remember when shooting animals, especially for a focused shot, is to shoot the animal while it is facing the camera. The shot becomes more interesting if there is eye contact between your subject and the camera lens. Just like a photo of a person, it is more interesting to see the face of the person. It is, however, important to take note that you do not have to shoot the animal head all the time. There will be circumstances when the profile of the animal is more interesting, particularly if you can capture the reason why.