Final Cut Pro: Understanding Split Edits

In Final Cut Pro, split edits occur when you set separate video and audio In and Out points. Split edits are typically used when one needs to introduce the sound of a new scene before cutting to the video. When viewing regular In and Out points in the Viewer and Canvas, an inward pointing triangle is used to display the points. With split edits, there will be a upper and lower halves of the triangle. The upper half of the triangle marks the video In and Out points, while the lower half of the triangle marks the audio In and Out points.

Creating Split Edit Points in the Viewer

To create split edit points in the Viewer, you will need to double click on a clip while in the Browser, as this will launch the clip in the Viewer. Once you decide where you want to set your video In or Out point, move the playhead to that location in the clip. You have 3 different options for setting the video In or Out point. One option is to go to Mark, then Mark Split, and then select either Video In or Video Out from the submenu that appears. Another option is to press Control + I to set the video In point, or Control + O to set the video Out point. The final option is to hold Control and click in the scrubber bar. From the shortcut menu that appears, go to Mark Split and then select either video In or video Out.

Now that the video In and/or Out points are set, you will need to create your audio In and Out points. The playhead will need to be moved to the location of where you want to set your audio In or Out point in the clip. As with the video In and Out points, there are 3 options for creating the points. You can go to Mark, then Mark Split, and select either Audio In or Audio Out from the submenu that appears. You can also press Command + Option + I to set the audio In point, or Command + Option + O to set the audio Out point. The final option is to control-click the scrubber bar and select Mark Split from the shortcut menu. From the submenu that appears,  you will need to select either audio In or audio Out.

Creating a Split Edit While Playing a Clip

While a clip is playing, Final Cut Pro allows you to convert a simple edit to a split edit. To do this, you will need to have the clip playing in your Viewer. When you want either your video or audio to start, press I to set the In point. As your clip continues to play, you will need to press Control + I to set the split video point, or Command + Option + I to set the split audio point. When you want to set your Out point, press O. If you need another split edit Out point, you can press Control + O for a split video Out pont or Command + Option + O for a split audio Out point.

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