Final Cut Pro: 5 Video Filters to Avoid and Why

Final Cut Pro comes with a plethora of video filters that you can use on you video clips to create special effects. There are dozens of effects to choose from. You can't really classify some as good and others as bad because it's a subjective preference. But, there are a few effects that you might want to avoid for various reasons.

1. YIQ Adjust

This is a color correction filter that was once used to adjust your colors for NTSC signals. It has since become outdated in favor of YUV Adjust. Because this is an older, and for the most part no longer used, filter, you should avoid using it as it might make your colors a little off for broadcasting.

2. Overdrive

This is a glow filter that makes your image lose a good amount of detail. Glow filters combine blurring and luminance to create their effect. There are other glow filters that you can choose besides overdrive that create a nice effect while preserving your image. 

3. Colorize

Colorize is an effect that can get messy pretty quickly. It substitutes the black and white colors in your video, and then readjusts the rest of the colors to the new scale. Things can get out of control pretty quickly and the effect can be complicated to control. Unless you're editing a conceptual art piece, you should avoid this filter as there is probably something else that can achieve the effect you want in a simpler manner.

4. Primatte

It's similar to the green screen effect, but this is not the filter you want to use for that. Instead, this filter makes certain colors in your video clip transparent so you can replace them with a back ground. If this is an effect you're going for, then it's much easier to plan it out with some green screen when shooting and then using the chroma keyer.

When doing a green screen shot, it is very important that the green is evenly lit so that the color is uniform. If it's not evenly lit, then you're going to have a lot of shades of green to individually key out. If you're using the primatte in a shot you did not pan out for chroma key, you'll find yourself chasing the colors frame by frame.

5. Brightness and Contrast

This may seem unusual, but with good reason. Typically, you use the bright and contrast filter to adjust poorly exposed video. However, Final Cut Pro offers the Gamma Correction. It's a filter more suited for the task of fixing exposures, and it should always be tried before you resort to changing the brightness and contrast.

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