Quick and Easy Aperture Training

Amateur photographers often have a hard time understanding aperture training and why it is so important to their photographs. By taking the time to master aperture and understand exactly what it means, you will be able to take much better quality photographs. Most beginners leave their digital cameras in auto mode, which simply involves pointing and shooting.

By putting your camera in manual mode, you will have much more control over a variety of settings, including the aperture.

Understanding Aperture

When your camera takes a photo, the shutter in your camera opens up to allow light inside. The amount of light allowed inside will depend on two things - the shutter speed and the aperture. The aperture is actually the size of the opening of the shutter. Aperture is measured in f-stops, by moving up one f-stop you will double or halve the size of the opening in the shutter, which will allow double or halve the amount of light allowed in.

The higher the f stop number, the smaller the aperture is. f/2.8 is a larger aperture than f/28 and will allow much more light to enter the camera.

Considering Depth of Field

The depth of field will affect whether the foreground or background of a photograph is in focus. The aperture has a big impact on the depth of field, which is why it's worth experimenting. A large depth of field means that the majority of your image will be in focus; these are normally taken using f/22 aperture settings. If you have a cheaper camera with a fixed aperture, then this will probably be set to f/22, which is a good all round setting

A shallow depth of field will mean that only a small part of the image will be in focus. For this, much smaller f stop settings are used; these are bigger apertures which will allow more light into the camera.

Type of Photography

Different types of photography require different aperture settings. Small apertures are typically used in landscape photography, but in portrait photography larger apertures can be used to make the subject stand out from the background. Macro photography also normally uses large apertures to ensure that the subject is perfectly in focus while blurring the rest.

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