DV Format Types Possible for a Video Camcorder

A DV video camcorder is a very common type of video camera. These cameras use small tapes which are installed into the camera. There are a few different formats used by digital video camcorders. You should try to understand some of these different formats so that you can choose the right camera and tape for your requirements.


DVCPro is an extension of the DV standard which was introduced by Panasonic in 1995. The standard is designed to minimize problems caused by audio and video becoming out of sync. The tape is used much quicker which means that the tapes don't fit as much video on them. It's also not possible to use this format in long play mode.


DVCAM is a Sony standard which was introduced in 1996. This is a professional version of DV. This uses locked audio which is designed in a similar way as DVCPRO to prevent audio and video sync problems. The cameras use the tape quicker, which means that the recording times are reduced. DVCAM also makes it possible to accurately insert frames in the tape.


DVCPRO50 was another standard designed by Panasonic in 1997. This is used in high end professional DV cameras. This cuts the recording times in half compared to DVCPRO formats because the data rates are increased.


D9 is a format which is similar to DVCPRO50 but instead of using normal mini DV tapes, it uses VHS sized cassettes. This was introduced by JVC. There are also a few other similar formats including Sony's Digital Betacam format and MPEG IMX.