Production: How To Do an Extreme Close Up

An extreme close up shot is part of the macro photography field. When you take an extreme close up shot, you only want a small portion of the subject that you are shooting to appear in the shot. Many digital cameras are now being designed so that you can take a crystal clear picture of a subject from an inch away. This guideline will go over directions for taking an extreme close up shot.

Step 1 - Choosing an Appropriate Lens

Not all camera lenses are capable of taking extreme close up shots. If possible, you should use a medium telephoto macro lens for taking extreme close up shots. If you have a small sensor camera, a medium telephoto macro lens is approximately 60 mm. For full frame cameras, a medium telephoto macro lens is approximately 90 mm.

Step 2 - Turn Off the Flash

It is almost impossible to get clear and vivid extreme close up shots when the flash is turned on. If you leave the flash on when you are taking an extreme close up shot, the subject of your photo will be so bright that it will be almost distorted. Generally speaking, the only time you might get away with leaving the flash on is if you back away from the subject a bit and are standing at the perfect angle.

Step 3 - Choosing a Camera Position

The hardest aspect of taking extreme close up shots is figuring out where to stand with your camera. You do not want to cast a shadow over the subject that you are photographing. In order to find a good camera position, you should move around while you have your viewfinder turned on so that you can see how your shot would appear from different angles. It is important to remember the rule of thirds when taking extreme close up shots. The rule of thirds states that you should imagine that there are two vertical lines and two horizontal lines when taking a photo. Your subject should line up with either of the vertical lines, preferably in the center where the vertical and horizontal lines intersect.

Step 4 - Switching to Manual Focus

In most cases, you will not get high quality extreme close up shots when you are in auto-focus mode. When in manual focus, it can be difficult to select an aperture size. The aperture size that you select is solely dependent upon the lighting that is available to you. If possible, you should try to select an aperture size of F16 or F22. By selecting an aperture size of F16 or F22, you will be increasing your depth of field.

Step 5 - Setting Up Exposure Times

There is a lot of experimenting involved when you are taking extreme close up shots. You should take a couple of shots that are under exposed and a couple of shots that are over exposed. That means that you should set up your exposure in half stop increments. Once you have your exposure times properly configured, you are ready to begin taking extreme close up shots.

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