Pentax K10D SLR Review

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Pentax K10D

Review posted 3/16/2007

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The Pentax K10D digital SLR camera has 10.2 effective megapixels and a host of advanced technologies including a Pentax-developed Shake Reduction (SR) system and a weather-resistant body. It was designed to deliver high-quality digital images and responsive operation for advanced photo enthusiasts, the K10D features an array of Pentax innovations in image capture and camera functionality.

The most significant features include:

  • The Pentax-developed Shake Reduction (SR) system that effectively offers a 2.5 to 4 stop advantage for sharp, blur-free images even under difficult shooting conditions, such as macro and telephoto photography or low light settings without a flash. The SR mechanism is designed to minimize camera shake by oscillating the CCD image sensor vertically and horizontally at high speed using magnetic force, while adjusting the speed of oscillation in proportion to the amount of camera shake detected by built-in sensors. As a result, the system does not require special anti-shake lenses and can be used with more than 24 million Pentax lenses produced since 1964.

  • The Pentax Real IMage Engine (PRIME) designed exclusively for Pentax digital SLR cameras to produce well-balanced, true-to-life images. In order to meet the performance requirement in handling 10 megapixel data, Pentax also incorporated a new high performance 22 bit A/D converter to quickly transfer images with accurate color tones and richer gradation from the CCD to the imaging engine.

  • A new Dust Removal (DR) system incorporating Pentax-original Special Protect (SP) coating to help keep the CCD surface dust-free, and a shift mechanism to shake dust off the CCD.

The K10D's user-friendly features include a comfortable eyelevel viewfinder with 96% field of view coverage, a large 2.5 inch color LCD monitor, a top-mounted LCD data panel, a host of exposure modes, metering and focus options. Offering quick, effortless operation and easy portability, the K10D is the ideal digital SLR for advanced photographers regardless of the environmental conditions.

The K10D is equipped to make camera operations simple and effortless, from the multi-function four-way controller to the responsive electronic select dial and the large, easy-to-use mode dial, all the switches and dials are efficiently and functionally laid out around the compact body to assure smooth, fingertip control. The K10D can record the action at 3 frames per second continuously until the memory card is full when shooting in JPEG mode or up to 9 frames in Raw mode.

Advanced photographers will not find another 10 megapixel digital SLR that offers features such as a weather-resistant body, shake reduction, and great ergonomics at any price. With addition of the K10D Pentax is now able to offer digital SLRs for two important users - the first time SLR customer who can buy the K100D and now the K10D for the more advanced users.


Pentax K10D Features:

  • Built-in Shake Reduction and Dust Removal systems
  • High resolution, APS-C size 10-Megapixel CCD image sensor
  • Image sizes are: 10M 3872x2592, 6M 3000x2008, or 2M 1824x1216
  • JPEG with 3 different quality levels, RAW or RAW+JPEG recording formats
  • Software included to edit and process RAW image data
  • Compatible with Pentax K, KA, KAF, and KAF2 mount lenses; screw mount lenses, 645, and 67 series lenses (adapter required)
  • Large 2.5-inch, high resolution color LCD monitor with 140° angle of view
  • Glass pentaprism viewfinder with 96% field of view
  • 16-segment metering with Multi-Segment, Spot and Center-weighted options
  • 11-point autofocus (SAFOX VIII) with Auto, Manual or Center AF point selection
  • Shutter speeds from 1/4000 to 30 seconds plus Bulb
  • Auto pop-up flash with red-eye reduction, Pentax P-TTL external flash units can be used with flash hot shoe
  • Green, Program, ISO Priority, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority, Shutter & Aperture Priority, Metered Manual, X-Sync and Bulb exposure modes
  • 3fps Continuous JPEG capture up to card capacity or 9 RAW frames
  • 32 Custom Settings to personalize camera operations
  • Noise reduction function for very clean long exposure images
  • Playback functions; histogram, RGB histo, 9-image thumbnail and 20X zoom
  • Six digital filters (black-and-white, sepia, color, slim/wide, brightness and soft-focus) for easy post-shooting image processing as well as in-camera RAW to JPEG conversion
  • Uses Secure Digital and SDHC type flash memory cards
  • USB 2.0 hi-speed connectivity, PictBridge and Print Image Matching III compatible
  • Powered by high capacity Li-ion battery, small AC charger included
  • Optional D-BG2 battery grip, wireless remote control and wired cable release


The K10D body sells for US $899.95, and as a kit with the DA 18-55mm lens for $999.95. The D-BG2 Battery Grip is less than US $190.00. Pentax PHOTO Laboratory 3 RAW-data processing and PHOTO Browser 3 browser software included.


Physical Views



Pentax K10D

Pentax K10D

Pentax K10D

Pentax K10D

Pentax K10D




Pentax K10D



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K10D Specifications
Image Capture Device: Interline interlace CCD with a primary color filter

Shake Reduction - CCD Image Sensor Shift

Total Pixels - 10.75 megapixels

Color Depth - 8 bit (JPEG) or 12 bit (RAW) x 3 colors

Effective Pixels: 10.2 megapixels
Recorded Pixels: JPEG: 10M 3872x2592 pixels
             6M 3008x2000 pixels
             2M 1824x1216 pixels
RAW: 10M 3872x2592 pixels
Focus System: TTL phase-matching 11-point autofocus system (SAFOX VIII) w/AF assist lamp

Autofocus Modes - AF-Single (with focus lock), AF-Continuous, Manual

Illumination Range - EV1 - EV19 (At ISO 200 with 50mm f1.4 lens)

Lens Mount: Pentax KAF mount compatible with Pentax KAF2, KAF and KA mount lenses
Power zoom function - Not available
K-mount lenses - usable with restrictions
S-mount lenses - usable with adapter and restrictions
67/645 lenses - usable with adapter and restrictions
DA 18-55mm Lens: DA series smc Pentax zoom
Focal Length - 18mm - 55mm
35mm Equivalent - 27mm -83mm
Aperture Range - F3.5 - F5.6
Construction - 12 elements in 9 groups
Light Metering: TTL open-aperature metering
16-segment, Center-weighted & Spot meter

Range: EV1 - EV21.5 (at ISO 200 with 50mm f1.4 lens)

Sensitivity: ISO Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
Exposure Control: Green, Program AE, ISO Priority AE, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority, Shutter & Aperture Priority, Metered Manual, X-Sync, Bulb

Exposure Compensation - +/-3 EV (1/2 or 1/3 steps)

Auto Exposure Lock - Pushbutton type with approx. 20 sec. timer

Depth of Field Preview - Via main switch

Auto Bracketing: 3 frames +/-1.5EV (1/2 steps) or +/-1EV (1/3 steps)
Shutter: Electronically controlled vertical-run focal plane shutter
Shutter Speed - 1/4000 - 30 seconds and Bulb
White Balance: TTL Auto, Pre-set, Custom white balance

Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten light, Fluorescent light, Flash, Manual

Flash: Built-in series-control retractable P-TTL pop-up flash
Operation Modes - Auto, Flash-off, Flash-on, Auto + Red-eye reduction, Flash-on + Red-eye reduction
Guide Number - 15.6 (at ISO 200/m)
Angle of View Coverage - 28mm (equivalent to 35mm)
Flash Exposure Compensation - +1 to -2 (1/2 steps)
Flash Synchronization - With RTF and via hot shoe
Synchronization Speed - 1/180 sec, P-TTL high speed sync with Pentax dedicated flash
Digital Filter: Black & White (4 types), Sepia (3 types) , Color (18 types), Soft (3 levels), Slim (+/- 8 levels), Brightness (during playback)
Drive Modes: Single-shot, Continuous 3fps to card capacity (JPEG), 9 frames (RAW), Self-timer (12sec, 2sec), Auto bracketing, Extended Bracketing, Remote Control (0sec, 3sec)
Time: Modes - dd/mm/yy, mm/dd/yy, yy/mm/dd; World Time - Displays the time in 70 cities (28 time zones)
Dust Reduction: Type - Image sensor vibration with SP coating
Image Storage: Storage Media - SD memory card, SDHC memory card;

File Formats - Still: JPEG (Exif 2.21), RAW (PEF, DNG), DCF (Design rule for Camera File system),

DPOF (Digital Print Order Format), PRINT Image Matching III

Viewfinder: Glass Pentaprism with Natural-Bright-Matte II focusing screen
Viewfinder Coverage - 96%
Viewfinder Magnification - 0.95x (with 50mm f1.4 lens, -1-1)
Diopter Adjustment - -2.5m-1 to +1.5m-1
LCD 2.5 inch, TFT color LCD (Low Reflection) -with Histogram display
LCD Coverage - 100%
LCD Resolution - Approx. 210,000 pixels
Angle of View - Approx. 140°
Playback Modes: Single, Index - Nine image
Magnification - 20x
LCD Function - Image rotation, Slide show, Digital filter, Histogram, Exposure warning
Erase and Image Protect Modes - Single, All
PictBridge: One image print, All image print, DPOF, Paper size, Paper type, Paper quality, Border
Language: English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Russian, Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Swedish, Dutch
Interfaces: USB 2.0 high speed
Video Output - Compatible with NTSC and PAL formats
Power Supply: D-LI50 Lithium-ion battery, which can capture approximately 500 images when fully recharged (CIPA standards, flash illumination used in 50% of images).
Optional AC adapter also available
Operating Temperatures: 32° to 104° F / 0° to 40° C
Dimensions: (W x H x D) - 5.6 x 4.0 x 2.7 inches (141.5 x 101 x 67.5mm)
Weight: 25 oz. (710g) without battery and SD memory card; 27.9 oz. (790g) loaded and ready
Computer System Requirements: Mac Requirements - OS: Mac OS 10.2 or later, standard equipped USB port; PC Requirements - OS: Windows 2000, XP Home edition / Professional, standard equipped USB port
(Specifications as represented by the manufacturer, subject to change)




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