Nikon D40x SLR Review

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Nikon D40x


Review posted 12/27/07

Click to take a QuickTime tour of the Nikon D40x SLR
Click to take a QuickTime tour of the D40x


The Nikon D40x digital SLR maintains the same compact size, portability and ease-of-use as its already successful sister camera, the D40, but adds features like higher 10.2-megapixel resolution, faster continuous shooting capability (3fps vs. 2.5fps on the D40) and wider ISO sensitivity (100 - 1600). While dSLRs are the tool of choice among the majority of professional photographers, some people have found them to be complex or bulky. With the D40x, consumers don't have to sacrifice the quality of their pictures anymore. The D40x inherits many advanced technologies from Nikon's professional models, but was designed specifically to make taking outstanding pictures easy and fun for everyone.

The D40x's 10.2-effective megapixel CCD imaging sensor is complimented by Nikon's exclusive 3D Color Matrix Metering II and an improved Nikon Image Processing Engine that together, ensure breathtaking picture quality with analyzed exposure, refined details and natural, accurately rendered colors.

This model's automated, scene-optimized Digital Vari-Program modes allow users to capture nearly any type of scene without needing to understand the fine points of photography or fumble with camera settings. The D40x includes eight preset modes, including a new Flash Off mode that shuts off the camera's flash and boosts its ISO so users can easily take pictures in places where flash photography is not allowed, inappropriate or when they prefer the look of naturally lit pictures. As users gain experience with the camera, the D40x offers advanced controls such as Aperture-priority and Shutter-priority modes that offer greater creative control over the look and feel of their pictures.

Like the D40, the D40x's innovative information display can be shown in Classic format or with the new Graphic and Wallpaper formats for Digital Vari-Program modes and Program Auto, Shutter-priority Auto, Aperture-priority Auto and Manual (P/S/A/M) exposure modes.

The D40x's 3-area autofocus system also adds to the camera's overall speed, delivering fast and precise focus under varying shooting conditions. Incorporating Nikon's advanced Multi-CAM 530 AF Sensor Module, the three-area AF system, with central cross-type sensor operation, adds effective new focusing options and ensures greater ability to capture that perfect shot.

The Retouch menu offers exclusive in-camera image editing features that add to the D40x's "fun factor" by providing greater creativity without the need for a computer. Included in the Retouch menu is Nikon's D-Lighting, which brightens dark pictures and Red- eye correction that automatically detects and corrects red eye - a common condition that occurs in flash photography. Image Trim allows for creative cropping of an image and creates smaller files for easy e-mailing. Other creative features include Image Overlay, Small Picture, Monochrome (Black-and-white, Sepia, and Cyanotype) and Filter Effects (Skylight, Warm filter, Color balance).

The D40x dSLR Kit comes packaged with the new 3X 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G ED II AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor lens that assures superb picture sharpness and optimum contrast, along with the versatility to capture everything from candid portraits to wide-angle landscapes. The D40x is also compatible with all of Nikon's AF-S and AF-I Nikkor lenses***, including the remarkably versatile 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor lens and the new 55-200mm f/4-5.6G IF-ED AF-S DX VR Zoom-Nikkor lens.



Nikon D40x Features:

  • 10.2-Megapixel CCD imager yielding 3008 x 2000 pixel images
  • Kit includes 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G ED II AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor lens
  • Slimmer and compact body
  • Accepts Nikon F mount with AF coupling and AF contacts Type G or D AF
  • Compatible with Nikon i-TTL technology enabled Speedlights
  • Digital Vari-Program (8 modes), Program w/shift, Shutter priority, Aperture priority and Manual exposure modes
  • Exclusive Nikon 3D-Color Matrix II metering
  • Compressed RAW and JPEG formats in three quality levels and sizes, including RAW+JPEG (Basic)
  • TTL auto white balance, presets and custom set
  • Shutter speeds from 1/4000 to 30 seconds, flash sync to 1/200
  • Continuous drive at 3.0fps up to 100 frames
  • 3 area AF with Single Area AF, Dynamic Area AF or Closest Subject Priority
  • 2.5-inch color LCD with 230,000 pixels
  • Onscreen menu for Playback, Shooting, Custom functions and Setup
  • Retouch menu for in-camera editing of stored photos
  • Review with zoomed-playback & pan, RGB histogram and highlights
  • ISO sensitivity from 100 to 1600 (200-1600 on D40)
  • Noise Reduction circuitry for long exposures
  • SD/SDHC memory card storage
  • Selectable video output with NTSC or PAL format
  • USB 2.0 (High-speed) data and control interface
  • High-capacity EN-EL9 battery and compact MH-23 Quick Charger

The D40x Camera Kit includes the 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G ED II AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor lens and is available now for an estimated price of US$699.


Physical Views



Nikon D40x SLR

Nikon D40x SLR

Nikon D40x SLR Nikon D40x SLR

Nikon D40x SLR

Nikon D40x SLR




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Nikon D40x Specifications

Type of Camera Single-lens reflex, interchangeable lens digital camera
Effective pixels 10.2 million
Image Sensor RGB CCD, 23.6 x 15.8 mm; total pixels: 10.75 million, Nikon DX format
Image size (pixels) 3,872 x 2,592 [L], 2,896 x 1,944 [M], 1,936 x 1,296 [S]
Sensitivity 100 to 1600 in steps of 1 EV with additional setting one step over 1600
Storage Media SD memory card, SDHC compliant
Storage System Compressed NEF (RAW): 12-bit compression,
JPEG: JPEG baseline-compliant
File System Exif 2.21, Compliant DCF 2.0 and DPOF
White Balance
Auto (TTL white balance with 420-pixel RGB sensor);
six manual modes with fine tuning and preset white balance
LCD Monitor 2.5-inch, 230,000-dot, low-temperature polysilicon TFT LCD with 170-degree wide-angle viewing and brightness adjustment
Playback Function 1 frame; thumbnail (4 or 9 segments); magnifying playback; slide show; histogram indication; highlight point display; auto image rotation
Delete Function Card format, All frames delete, Selected frames delete
Video Output NTSC or PAL
Interface High-speed USB: Mass Storage and MTP/PTP selectable
Text Input Up to 36 characters of alphanumeric text input available with LCD monitor and multi selector; stored in Exif header
Compatible Lenses Nikon F mount with AF coupling and AF contacts Type G or D AF Nikkor:
1) AF-S, AF-I: All functions supported;
2) Other Type G or D AF Nikkor: All functions supported except autofocus
3) PC Micro-Nikkor 85mm f/2.8D: Can only be used in mode M; all other functions supported except autofocus
4) Other AF Nikkor*�¹/AI-P Nikkor: All functions supported except autofocus and 3D Color Matrix Metering II
5) Non-CPU: Can be used in mode M, but exposure meter does not function; electronic range finder can be used if maximum aperture is f/5.6 or faster
6) IX Nikkor lenses cannot be used
*�¹ Excluding lenses for F3AF
Picture Angle Equivalent in 35 mm [135] format is approx. 1.5 times lens focal length
Viewfinder Fixed eye-level penta-Dach mirror type; built-in diopter adjustment (-1.7 to +0.5m-1)
Eye point 18mm (-1.0m-1)
Focusing Screen Type B BriteView Clear Matte screen Mark V with superimposed focus brackets
Viewfinder Frame Coverage Approx. 95% (vertical/horizontal)
Viewfinder Magnification Approx. 0.8x with 50mm lens at infinity; -1.0 m-1
Viewfinder Information Focus indications, AE/FV lock indicator, shutter speed, aperture value, exposure/exposure compensation indicator, exposure mode, flash output level compensation, exposure compensation, number of remaining exposures, flash-ready indicator
Autofocus TTL phase detection by Nikon Multi-CAM530 autofocus module with AF-assist (range approximately 0.5-3.0m/1ft. 8in.-9ft. 10in.); Detection range: -1 to +19 EV (ISO 100 at 20 degrees C/68 degrees F)
Lens Servo 1) Autofocus (AF): Instant single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous servo AF (AF-C); auto AF-S/AF-C selection (AF-A); predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status 2) Manual focus (M)
Focus Area Can be selected from 3 focus areas
AF Area Mode 1) Single Area AF; 2) Dynamic Area AF; 3) Dynamic Area AF with Closest Subject Priority
Focus Lock Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button
Exposure Metering System TTL full-aperture exposure metering system:
1) 3D Color Matrix Metering II (type G and D lenses); Color Matrix Metering II (other CPU lenses); metering performed by 420-segment RGB sensor;
2) Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 8mm circle in center of frame
3) Spot: Meters 3.5mm circle (about 2.5% of frame) centered on active focus area
Exposure Metering Range 1) 0 to 20 EV (3D Color Matrix or center-weighted metering); 2) 2 to 20 EV (spot metering)
Exposure Mode Digital Vari-program (Auto, Auto [Flash Off], Portrait, Landscape, Child, Sports, Close Up, Night Portrait), Programmed Auto (P) with flexible program; Shutter-Priority Auto (S); Aperture Priority Auto (A); Manual (M)
Exposure Compensation ±5 EV in increments of 1/3 EV
Exposure Lock Exposure locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button
Shooting Modes 1) Single frame shooting mode,
2) Continuous shooting mode: approx. 3 frames per second (The fastest frame rates can be achieved by choosing manual focus, rotating the mode dial to S or M and selecting a shutter speed of 1/250 s. or faster, using defaults for all other settings.),
3) Self-timer mode,
4) Delayed remote mode: 2 s. delay,
5) Quick-response remote mode.
Shutter Combined mechanical and CCD electronic shutter, 30 to 1/4000 sec. in steps of 1/3, bulb
Sync Contact X-contact only; flash synchronization at up to 1/200 sec.
Flash Control 1) TTL: TTL flash control by 420-segment RGB sensor, i-TTL balanced fill-flash for digital SLR and standard i-TTL fill-flash for digital SLR available when CPU lens is used with built-in flash, SB-800, SB-600 and T041
2) Auto aperture: Available with SB-800 with CPU lens
3) Non-TTL Auto: Available with Speedlights such as SB-800, 80DX, 28DX, 28, 27 and 22s
4) Range-priority manual available with SB-800
Flash Sync Mode Auto, Portrait, Child and Close Up modes:
1) Auto, auto with red-eye reduction; fill-flash and red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
2) Night portrait mode: Auto, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with red-eye reduction; slow sync and slow sync with red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
3) Landscape, Sport mode: Fill-flash and red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
4) P, A: Fill flash, rear-curtain with slow sync, slow sync, slow sync with red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction
5) S, M: Fill flash, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction
Built-in Speedlight Auto, Portrait, Child, Close Up, Night Portrait mode: Auto flash with auto pop-up P/S/A/M: Manual pop-up with button release
Guide number (ISO 200/ISO 100, m [ft.]): approx.17 [55]/12 [39] (manual full 18 [59]/13 [42])
Flash compensation -3 to +1 EV in increments of 1/3EV
Accessory Shoe Standard ISO hot-shoe contact with sync, signal and ground contacts and safety lock
Self-timer Electronically controlled timer with duration of 2,5,10 or 20 seconds
Remote Control Via optional ML-L3 Wireless Remote Control
Power Source One Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL9; charging voltage (MH-23 quick charger): 7.4V DC, EH-5 AC Adapter (available separately; requires optional EP-5 AC Adapter Connector)
Tripod Socket 1/4 In. (ISO1222)
Dimensions (W x D x H) Approx. 5.0 x 2.5 x 3.7 in. (127 x 63.5 x 93.98mm)
Weight Approx. 1 lb 1 oz without battery, memory card or body cap
Supplied Accessories* EN-EL9 Rechargeable Li-ion Battery, MH-23 Quick Charger, UC-E4 USB Cable, PictureProject, DK-16 Rubber Eyecup, Camera Strap, BF-1A Body Cap, DK-5 Eyepiece Cap, BS-1 Accessory Shoe Cap.
*Supplied accessories may differ depending on country or area.
Optional Accessories ML-L3 Wireless Remote Control, Capture NX, Camera Control Pro, EH-5 AC Adapter, EP-5 AC Adapter Connector, EG-D100Video Cable, Semi Soft-Case CF-DC1, Speedlight SB-800/SB-600/SB-400/R1C1
OS Certified for Windows Vista(TM); Mac OS X

Specifications are as represented by the manufacturer.


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