While the Rebel XS has been dubbed the replacement of the XTi from 2006, it more resembles the newer XSi, just a bit smaller. The body Weighs in at a mere 15.9 oz./ 450g, which is almost 1 ounce lighter than the XSi and over 2 ounces lighter than the Xti. While it is compact for a dSLR model, the camera fits nicely in your hands. The amount of controls or buttons on the camera have been reduced when compared to the Xti, showing Canon's continued commitment in making the Rebel a simple to use Digital SLR. Unfortunately, the hand grip on the right side does not feature a nice rubberized surface like that found on past models.
The camera body is constructed of a rugged yet lightweight combination of stainless steel and polycarbonate reinforced with glass fiber.
The exterior consists of a durable ABS and Polycarbonate resin and is offered in silver or black finishes.
The XS features the same 10-megapixel large-area CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) sensor that was used on the XTi. This is an APS-C size sensor (22.2 x 14.8mm) that has the same 3:2 ratio as film cameras, enabling an effective angle of view that is 1.6x the normal EF Lens focal length. Analog to digital signal conversion
is handled by a 12-bit processor, which generates smooth transitions from light to dark colors, with far less risk of any color banding.
A Highlight Tone Priority option, made possible by the 14-bit color space, allows you to increase the level of detail in bright areas of a
scene up to one stop, without affecting overall exposure.
DIGIC III Image Processor
Developed to maximize performance between the capture and recording stages of digital photography, the EOS Rebel XS's
latest-generation DIGIC III Image Processor works with Canon's CMOS sensor to achieve higher levels of performance.
The entire electronic system gives the camera its incredible combination of speed and image quality.
Digital noise is significantly reduced in shadow areas, and color reproduction is superior.
EOS Integrated Cleaning System
No matter how careful photographers may be to change lenses in dust free areas
and to keep their equipment as clean as possible, dust often ends up on their
cameras' sensors, creating distracting spots on recorded images. The Digital
Rebel XS's integrated hardware and software solutions make trouble with dust
a thing of the past.
I don't need to tell you how dust on the image sensor can ruin a great photo. Thankfully the Canon EOS Integrated Cleaning System is
there to save the day. The Canon-designed Self Cleaning Sensor Unit uses a low-pass filter at the front of the sensor to shake off dust
automatically with ultrasonic vibrations, removing dust from the sensor assembly. The EOS Rebel XS also has a coating on the front
surface of the low-pass filter, to increase its resistance to dust sticking to the sensor.
Dust Delete Data Detection
Dust on the sensor can also be "erased" with the included Digital Photo Professional (DPP) Version 3.4
software. A simple test shot of a plain, white object can be taken, then the Dust Delete Data image is analyzed
in-camera, and the location and size of any remaining dust is added to any subsequent pictures taken. This data is transmitted
along with the image, whether JPEG or RAW, and can be either manually or automatically erased in Canon's DPP
software. This added software option helps you achieve the cleanest possible image.
XS Lens Mount
The Rebel XS is compatible with all Canon lenses in the EF and EF-S lineup, ranging from ultra-wide angle to super telephoto lenses.
Special optical technologies, such as Aspherical, ultra-low dispersion, or fluorite elements are featured
in the L Series lenses, and Canon's Optical Image Stabilizer technology is available in select lenses to minimize
the effect of camera shake.
Shown above is the EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS - a standard zoom lens made exclusively for the EOS Digital Rebel and other EOS dSLR cameras with APS-C size image circles. Equivalent to an approx. 28 - 90mm focal length, this lens is compact and ultra-lightweight with an impressive close-focusing ability of 0.9 ft (0.28m) and features an optimized coating to minimize ghost images and flare. It can only be mounted on the EOS 40D, 30D, 20D, 20Da, Digital Rebel, Digital Rebel XT, XTi, XSi and XS.
You can also use the EF-S 55-250mm f/4-5.6 IS lens. This telephoto zoom lens is designed with Canon's Optical Image Stabilizer technology,
yet is quite lightweight. The focal range when used in the XS is equivalent to 88-400mm in the 35mm format. The image stabilizer effect
is equivalent to a shutter speed about 4 stops faster than the same size lens without Image Stabilizer. It uses a UD-glass lens element
to help correct chromatic aberrations, resulting in excellent image quality.
A 7-point wide area AF sensor offers fast, accurate focus. It has multiple focus modes available,
including One-Shot AF, AI Servo AF, AI Focus AF and Manual. In Live View Function, the EOS Rebel XS has two
AF modes: Quick mode, which uses the camera's standard 7-point AF system, and Live mode, which is a contrast-based AF system
that reads the sharpness of subjects right from the imaging sensor, and can be overridden by pressing the AF mode selection button.
A familiar feature in PowerShot cameras, Live mode AF uses similar technologies to achieve focus, while Quick mode is more
appropriate for capturing action or for shooting in low light.
E-TTL II Flash
The XS has a built-in, retractable, auto pop-up flash with a Guide Number of 13/43 (ISO 100, in meters/feet). The flash has a recycling time
of a approximately 3 seconds and a flash-ready icon that is visible in the viewfinder. Flash exposure compensation is available in
±2 stops using 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments, depending on the setting selected via the Custom Function menu.
A 35-zone metering system analyzes light based on each zone in the viewing area,
enabling the camera to choose the overall best exposure for the entire scene. The XS features three metering modes to choose from, Evaluative, Partial, and Center-wighted average. Unfortunately, it does not offer the Spot metering function found on the XSi.
The new Canon Speedlite 430EX II is the ideal accessory for the Rebel XS. It has a maximum guide number of 141 ft./43m at ISO 100. This unit is also great for bounce flash, with a tilting and swiveling flash head. It automatically zooms the flash head to
cover lenses ranging from 24mm up to 105mm or longer with the EOS Rebel XS. Of course, it works with the camera to provide full
E-TTL II automatic flash exposure. The 430EX also has a powerful AF-assist beam, which allows the camera to autofocus in
near total darkness, on subjects as far as 32.8 ft. (10m) from the camera.
Improving on the previous model (the 430EX), the new 430EX II is quieter, offers full flash control from the camera menu with compatible EOS Digital SLR cameras, has a faster recycle time ( approx. 20% faster than the 430EX), and since it is compatible with Canon's wireless E-TTL, the 430EX II can be used as an affordable "slave unit".
The Rebel XS features an eye-level pentamirror type viewfinder that shows approx. 95% of the captured image with 0.81x magnification (-1m with 50mm lens at infinity).
There is a built in -3.0 - +1.0 diopter adjustment. Around the viewfinder is a soft rubber eyecup that fits comfortably against
your face or eyeglasses, it provides a 21mm eyepoint.
Visible inside the viewfinder are the 7 focusing points - the active focus point(s) are illuminated to indicate which AF zone(s) are selected.
Viewfinder information includes AF information (AF points, AF point display indicator, focus confirmation light), exposure information (shutter speed/FE lock/Busy/flash recycling, aperture,
AE lock/AEB in-progress, exposure level indicator/Exposure comp. amount/AEB range/Red-eye lamp-on indicator, ISO speed), flash information (flash ready/Improper FE lock warning, high-speed sync, FE lock/FEB in-progress, flash exposure
compensation), B&W or monochrome shooting, white balance correction, maximum burst and SD memory card information (Card Full warning/Card error/No card).
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